Labour Market Bulletin - Ontario: June 2022

This Labour Market Bulletin provides an analysis of Labour Force Survey results for the province of Ontario and its regions.

Summary

Labour Force Trends — Employment fell in June 2022

  • Employment fell by 0.3% in Ontario in June 2022, with all the losses occurring in part-time employment (-3.7%).
  • The participation rate also fell in June, from 65.5% to 65.0%, as the labour force contracted by 0.7%.
  • The unemployment rate decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 5.1%, as unemployment fell by 7.3% from May to June, with some of the decrease attributable to people retiring and/or leaving the workforce.

Labour Force Characteristics

Employment in Ontario decreased in June 2022, falling for the first time after four months of consecutive increases.

  • Employment decreases this month (-24,700; -0.3%) were attributed mainly to part-time work (-52,500; -3.7%).
  • The decreases were predominantly amongst youth aged 15-24 (-13,600, -1.3%) and older workers aged 55 and over (-27,000; -1.6%).
  • In Canada, overall employment fell as well (-43,200; -0.2%). Quebec and Ontario accounted for the majority of job losses.
Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly Data
June 2022 May 2022 June 2021 Monthly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 12,508.5 12,495.6 12,324.0 12.9 0.1 184.5 1.5
Labour Force ('000) 8,129.5 8,186.8 7,962.4 -57.3 -0.7 167.1 2.1
Employment ('000) 7,714.4 7,739.1 7,311.2 -24.7 -0.3 403.2 5.5
Full-Time ('000) 6,365.0 6,337.1 5,999.6 27.9 0.4 365.4 6.1
Part-Time ('000) 1,349.5 1,402.0 1,311.6 -52.5 -3.7 37.9 2.9
Unemployment ('000) 415.1 447.7 651.2 -32.6 -7.3 -236.1 -36.3
Unemployment Rate (%) 5.1 5.5 8.2 -0.4 - -3.1 -
Participation Rate (%) 65.0 65.5 64.6 -0.5 - 0.4 -
Employment Rate (%) 61.7 61.9 59.3 -0.2 - 2.4 -

* Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0287, formerly CANSIM 282-0087

Ontario Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Show data table: Ontario Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Ontario Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate (%) Employment ('000)
Jun-2020 12.0 6,737.0
Jul-2020 11.3 7,722.9
Aug-2020 10.6 6,998.9
Sep-2020 9.7 7,171.9
Oct-2020 9.8 7,199.2
Nov-2020 9.3 7,225.2
Dec-2020 9.7 7,232.9
Jan-2021 10.1 7,085.1
Feb-2021 9.2 7,197.5
Mar-2021 7.5 7,368.3
Apr-2021 8.9 7,214.6
May-2021 9.0 7,206.1
Jun-2021 8.2 7,311.2
Jul-2021 8.1 7,367.7
Aug-2021 7.7 7,416.2
Sep-2021 7.5 7,499.7
Oct-2021 7.2 7,529.3
Nov-2021 6.5 7,586.7
Dec-2021 6.1 7,639.2
Jan-2022 7.3 7,493.5
Feb-2022 5.5 7,687.8
Mar-2022 5.3 7,722.9
Apr-2022 5.4 7,737.2
May-2022 5.5 7,739.1
Jun-2022 5.1 7,714.4
Ontario Monthly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally Adjusted Data June 2022
(%)
May 2022
(%)
June 2021
(%)
Monthly Variation
(% points)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Total 5.1 5.5 8.2 -0.4 -3.1
25 years and over 4.2 4.5 6.9 -0.3 -2.7
Men - 25 years and over 4.2 4.4 7.4 -0.2 -3.2
Women - 25 years and over 4.3 4.6 6.5 -0.3 -2.2
15 to 24 years 10.5 11.4 15.9 -0.9 -5.4
Men - 15 to 24 years 12.6 13.6 16.4 -1.0 -3.8
Women - 15 to 24 years 8.2 9.1 15.3 -0.9 -7.1

* Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0287, formerly CANSIM 282-0087

EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY

The Ontario goods-producing sector workforce grew by 24,200 (+1.6%) in June, with gains in all industries, and most of the gains occurring in construction (+19,000; +3.3%). Manufacturing (+700; +0.1%) employment remained relatively flat, while utilities (+1,900; +3.3%) expanded relatively strongly, considering its smaller employment base.

Construction

  • Employment in Ontario‘s construction industry increased 19,000 (+3.3%) in June.
  • In addition, CMHC called for additional increases to residential housing construction across the province.
  • However, real estate markets across the province are cooling, which could lead to leveling of employment growth in the future.

Employment in Ontario‘s services-producing sector increased by 49,300 (+0.8%) in May 2022, with the largest gains in wholesale and retail trade (+16,300; +1.4%), educational services (+14.400; +2.5%), and accommodation and food services (+11,700; +3.0%). Employment declines occurred in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (-4,700; -0.7%), health care and social assistance (-4,000; -0.4%), other services (-3,500; -1.4%), and transportation and warehousing (-2,300; - 0.6%).

Retail and Wholesale Trade

  • Ontario experienced employment losses of 23,400 (-2.0%) in retail and wholesale trade in June.
  • Data over the coming months will help inform whether employment in this industry is being impacted by changing consumer behaviours associated with inflation, as Canadians continue to report difficulties meeting their transportation, food, housing and clothing costs.

Health Care and Social Assistance

  • The Ontario health care and social assistance sector workforce fell by 17,300 (-1.8%) in June, as the industry is grappling with burnout and labour shortages among front-line workers that continue to fight the pandemic, particularly doctors and nurses.
  • Some emergency rooms across Ontario have had to close temporarily, as waiting times have increased sharply in recent months due to lack of staff and hospital beds.
Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally Adjusted June 2022 May 2022 June 2021 Monthly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 7,714.4 7,739.1 7,311.2 -24.7 -0.3 403.2 5.5
Goods-producing sector 1,529.1 1,504.9 1,458.3 24.2 1.6 70.8 4.9
Agriculture 64.8 63.3 71.2 1.5 2.4 -6.4 -9.0
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 43.6 42.4 36.8 1.2 2.8 6.8 18.5
Utilities 62.5 60.6 50.9 1.9 3.1 11.6 22.8
Construction 589.3 570.3 535.7 19.0 3.3 53.6 10.0
Manufacturing 769.0 768.3 763.7 0.7 0.1 5.3 0.7
Services-producing sector 6,185.3 6,234.2 5,853.0 -48.9 -0.8 332.3 5.7
Trade 1,120.7 1,144.1 1,055.8 -23.4 -2.0 64.9 6.1
Transportation and warehousing 384.9 384.8 369.6 0.1 0.0 15.3 4.1
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 657.5 651.3 610.8 6.2 1.0 46.7 7.6
Professional, scientific and technical services 804.7 811.8 746.7 -7.1 -0.9 58.0 7.8
Business, building and other support services 297.8 291.5 286.4 6.3 2.2 11.4 4.0
Educational services 577.4 582.1 532.9 -4.7 -0.8 44.5 8.4
Health care and social assistance 919.8 937.1 924.6 -17.3 -1.8 -4.8 -0.5
Information, culture and recreation 339.8 347.4 284.8 -7.6 -2.2 55.0 19.3
Accommodation and food services 397.3 402.7 341.8 -5.4 -1.3 55.5 16.2
Other services 250.4 254.0 283.9 -3.6 -1.4 -33.5 -11.8
Public administration 434.8 427.3 415.5 7.5 1.8 19.3 4.6

* Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0355, formerly CANSIM 282-0088

REGIONAL ANALYSIS

In June 2022, all but one economic region in Ontario, Muskoka—Kawarthas, reported a year-over-year increase in employment compared to June 2021. Compared to pre-pandemic employment levels, all 11 economic regions had higher levels of employment in June 2022.

The unemployment rate declined in all but one economic region, Stratford—Bruce Peninsula, compared to June 2021. Compared to the onset of the pandemic in June 2020, all economic regions had lower unemployment rates in June 2022.

Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
3-Month Moving Averages
Seasonally Unadjusted Data
Employment Unemployment Rate
June 2022
('000)
June 2021
('000)
Yearly Variation
(%)
June 2022
(%)
June 2021
(%)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Ontario 7,769.2 7,273.4 6.8 5.4 9.0 -3.6
Economic Regions
Ottawa 770.5 752.1 2.4 4.4 8.1 -3.7
Kingston—Pembroke 238.0 205.1 16.0 3.8 9.2 -5.4
Muskoka—Kawarthas 187.7 191.6 -2.0 4.8 6.0 -1.2
Toronto 3,746.9 3,457.8 8.4 6.3 10.0 -3.7
Kitchener—Waterloo—Barrie 802.3 761.8 5.3 4.6 7.5 -2.9
Hamilton—Niagara Peninsula 792.4 736.0 7.7 4.5 8.8 -4.3
London 393.3 368.8 6.6 5.8 9.4 -3.6
Windsor—Sarnia 311.8 298.4 4.5 4.7 10.0 -5.3
Stratford—Bruce Peninsula 164.2 159.3 3.1 4.0 3.8 0.2
Northeast 263.1 243.7 8.0 4.2 7.2 -3.0
Northwest 99.0 98.7 0.3 4.5 7.6 -3.1

* Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0387, formerly CANSIM 282-0122

Notable changes between June 2021 and June 2022 include:

  • Employment increased by 8.4% (+289,100) in the Toronto economic region, as full-time employment increased by 7.0% (+203,500) and part-time employment increased by 16.1% (+85,600).
  • The labour force in the Muskoka-Kawarthas economic region declined by 3.4% (-6,900). This is reflected in the participation rate decline from 58.5% to 55.9%.
  • Employment in the Kingston-Pembroke economic region increased by 16.0% (+32,900), as full-time employment increased by 14.9% (+24,300) and part-time employment increased by 20.1% (+8,500).

Note: In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by : Labour Market Information (LMI) Directorate, Service Canada, Ontario

For further information , please contact the LMI team at: NC-LMI-IMT-GD@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca

For information on the Labour Force Survey , please visit the Statistics Canada Web site at: www.statcan.gc.ca

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by Employment and Social Development Canada, 2022, all rights reserved

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