Labour Market Bulletin - Quebec: August 2019

This Labour Market Bulletin provides an analysis of Labour Force Survey results for the province of Quebec and its regions.

Overview

Employment continued to grow in August in Quebec, according to the latest estimates of Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey. The Quebec labour market had 19,700 additional workers in comparison to the previous month, amounting to a 0.5% growth rate. This employment increase came, in almost equal proportions, from full-time employment (+9,300) and from part-time employment (+10,400). Employment growth was also observed in Canada as a whole (+0.4%) and in Ontario (+0.8%) in August, in comparison to the previous month.

In total, 112,100 jobs were added year over year, which amounts to a 2.6% growth rate. A higher rate than the one registered this month has not seen since July 2017. Employment growth came primarily from full-time employment (+84,000) but also from part-time employment (+28,100). The main age groups saw an increase in the number of employed people, which was proportionally highest for people age 55 years and over (+4.7%). The number of employees in the private and public sector increased, while the number of self-employed workers decreased.

Quebec Monthly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally adjusted monthly data August 2019 July 2019 August 2018 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 7,060.3 7,054.8 6,994.3 5.5 0.1 66.0 0.9
Labour force ('000) 4,579.7 4,569.1 4,502.5 10.6 0.2 77.2 1.7
Employment ('000) 4,366.0 4,346.3 4,253.9 19.7 0.5 112.1 2.6
Full-time ('000) 3,546.5 3,537.2 3,462.5 9.3 0.3 84.0 2.4
Part-time ('000) 819.5 809.1 791.4 10.4 1.3 28.1 3.6
Unemployment ('000) 213.8 222.8 248.6 -9.0 -4.0 -34.8 -14.0
Unemployment rate (%) 4.7 4.9 5.5 -0.2 - -0.8 -
Participation rate (%) 64.9 64.8 64.4 0.1 - 0.5 -
Employment rate (%) 61.8 61.6 60.8 0.2 - 1.0 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0287

Quebec Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Monthly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table: Quebec monthly employment and unemployment rate
Quebec monthly employment and unemployment rate
Month Unemployment rate (%) Employment ('000)
August 2017 5.9 4,237.3
September 2017 6.0 4,234.8
October 2017 6.1 4,248.9
November 2017 5.5 4,256.2
December 2017 5.0 4,274.3
January 2018 5.4 4,261.5
February 2018 5.6 4,259.9
March 2018 5.5 4,275.5
April 2018 5.4 4,264.6
May 2018 5.3 4,267.8
June 2018 5.4 4,261.7
July 2018 5.5 4,250.4
August 2018 5.5 4,253.9
September 2018 5.3 4,249.1
October 2018 5.3 4,258.9
November 2018 5.4 4,280.1
December 2018 5.5 4,283.2
January 2019 5.4 4,299.6
February 2019 5.3 4,314.5
March 2019 5.2 4,301.6
April 2019 4.9 4,339.5
May 2019 5.0 4,327.9
June 2019 4.9 4,329.7
July 2019 4.9 4,346.3
August 2019 4.7 4,366.0

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

Also in August, the number of unemployed people reached 213,800, amounting to a decrease of 9,000 in comparison to July. The unemployment rate fell by 0.2 percentage point, settling at 4.7%. Besides reaching its lowest historical level, it was also the lowest unemployment rate among Canadian provinces, for the first time since the publication of such data. Thanks to employment growth, the employment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point in comparison to the previous month, reaching 61.8%. Year over year, the employment rate increased by 1.0 percentage point. Finally, the participation rate grew by 0.1 percentage point in comparison to July, reaching 64.4%.

Quebec Monthly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally adjusted
data
August 2019
%
July 2019
%
August 2018
%
Monthly variation
(% points)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Total 4.7 4.9 5.5 -0.2 -0.8
25 years and over 4.0 4.4 5.0 -0.4 -1.0
Men - 25 years and over 4.4 4.9 5.5 -0.5 -1.1
Women - 25 years and over 3.5 3.8 4.6 -0.3 -1.1
15 to 24 years 9.0 8.0 8.6 1.0 0.4
Men - 15 to 24 years 9.9 8.5 10.4 1.4 -0.5
Women - 15 to 24 years 8.1 7.6 7.0 0.5 1.1

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0287

Employment by industry

At the industry level, the goods-producing sector experienced employment growth (+3,600 jobs or +0.4%) during the past month, thanks to increases registered in the construction industry, and, to a lesser degree, in agriculture. From a yearly perspective, the goods-producing sector posted a significant growth of 40,100 jobs, amounting to a +4.7% growth rate. This increase was attributable primarily to the manufacturing and construction industries.

The services sector had 16,100 additional jobs in comparison to July, amounting to a 0.5% growth rate. The following service industries posted the most significant employment increases: finance, insurance, real estate and leasing, educational services, as well as health care and social assistance. However, several service industries experienced job number decreases, including business services, building services and other support services, as well as public administration. In comparison to August 2018, the services sector posted a growth of 72,000 jobs (+2.1%). Eight out of 11 service industries experienced employment increases, the most significant of which were seen in transportation and warehousing, retail and wholesale trade, as well as health care and social assistance.

Quebec Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally adjusted data ('000) August 2019 July 2019 August 2018 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 4,366.0 4,346.3 4,253.9 19.7 0.5 112.1 2.6
Goods-producing sector 899.2 895.6 859.1 3.6 0.4 40.1 4.7
Agriculture 53.8 52.3 54.2 1.5 2.9 -0.4 -0.7
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying,
oil and gas
43.4 43.3 40.1 0.1 0.2 3.3 8.2
Utilities 24.3 24.9 28.5 -0.6 -2.4 -4.2 -14.7
Construction 268.5 270.4 247.7 -1.9 -0.7 20.8 8.4
Manufacturing 509.2 504.7 488.6 4.5 0.9 20.6 4.2
Services-producing sector 3,466.8 3,450.7 3,394.8 16.1 0.5 72.0 2.1
Trade 657.8 661.9 637.0 -4.1 -0.6 20.8 3.3
Transportation and warehousing 237.8 239.6 215.2 -1.8 -0.8 22.6 10.5
Finance, insurance, real estate
and leasing
248.7 237.1 242.2 11.6 4.9 6.5 2.7
Professional, scientific
and technical services
343.0 347.2 323.8 -4.2 -1.2 19.2 5.9
Business, building
and other support services
175.5 180.5 192.6 -5.0 -2.8 -17.1 -8.9
Educational services 312.7 303.3 307.9 9.4 3.1 4.8 1.6
Health care and social assistance 611.3 603.9 590.5 7.4 1.2 20.8 3.5
Information, culture and recreation 191.0 184.3 194.0 6.7 3.6 -3.0 -1.5
Accommodation and food services 260.3 257.7 269.8 2.6 1.0 -9.5 -3.5
Other services 179.2 180.8 176.1 -1.6 -0.9 3.1 1.8
Public administration 249.5 254.4 245.6 -4.9 -1.9 3.9 1.6

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0355

Regional analysis

In comparison to August 2018, eleven economic regions saw employment growth. The highest increases were observed on the Island of Montréal (+32,900 jobs), in Capitale-Nationale (+27,600 jobs) and in the Lanaudière region (+21,100 jobs). Conversely, the Laval region experienced the most significant employment decline, posting 19,100 fewer jobs than twelve months previously.

Six economic regions posted their historically lowest unemployment rates since 2001. Of these, four are resource regions: Bas-Saint-Laurent (3.4%), Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec (3.7%), Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (8,3%) and Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (4.8%). The Laval region (3.6%) and the Lanaudière region (3.2%) also posted their lowest unemployment rates. It is worth noting that the Laval and Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec regions, despite record low rates, posted employment declines during the same period. In these two regions, the labour force decreased significantly.

Quebec Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
3-month moving averages
seasonally unadjusted data
Employment Unemployment rate
August 2019
('000)
August 2018
('000)
Yearly variation
(%)
August 2019
(%)
August 2018
(%)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Quebec 4,418.6 4,323.5 2.2 4.8 5.5 -0.7
Economic regions
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine 37.6 37.1 1.3 8.3 10.4 -2.1
Bas-Saint-Laurent 98.3 95.5 2.9 3.4 4.7 -1.3
Capitale-Nationale 420.3 392.7 7.0 2.6 4.3 -1.7
Chaudière-Appalaches 226.2 225.7 0.2 2.3 3.2 -0.9
Estrie 167.7 169.6 -1.1 4.7 4.2 0.5
Centre-du-Québec 127.0 119.4 6.4 3.8 6.6 -2.8
Montérégie 817.6 804.8 1.6 3.7 4.5 -0.8
Montréal 1,111.3 1,078.4 3.1 8.1 7.7 0.4
Laval 218.9 238.0 -8.0 3.6 4.7 -1.1
Lanaudière 271.6 250.5 8.4 3.2 5.4 -2.2
Laurentides 317.8 317.9 0.0 4.2 5.7 -1.5
Outaouais 214.6 206.7 3.8 3.9 4.9 -1.0
Abitibi-Témiscamingue 76.9 76.5 0.5 3.6 3.2 0.4
Mauricie 125.3 128.3 -2.3 4.1 4.0 0.1
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean 132.9 127.4 4.3 4.8 5.3 -0.5
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec 54.7 54.9 -0.4 3.7 4.2 -0.5

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – Table 14-10-0293

Note

In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by: Labour Market Analysis Directorate, Service Canada, Quebec
For further information, please contact the LMI team.
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada website.

Date modified: