Québec Sectoral Profile 2018-2020: Non-Metallic Mineral Product Manufacturing

This document is the result of analyses performed using information available as at
April 5, 2018.

Key Highlights and Overview

  • Cement and concrete product manufacturing is the main segment of the industry, with more than half of jobs–combined with other non-metallic mineral products manufacturing and glass and glass product manufacturing, the three segments account for 93% of jobs in the industry
  • Over the last ten years, there has been significant increase in non-metallic mineral products imports in Quebec; the value of imported cement and concrete products alone has more than doubled

In this industry, they cut, grind, shape and finish granite, marble, limestone, slate, glass, etc. The finish product can be off the raw material, or grounded and mixed with additives to obtain other products such as mineral wool acoustic tiles, bricks, refractories, ceramic products, drywall sheets, cement and glass. Three segments make up over 90% of the workforce: cement and concrete product manufacturing (54%), other non-metallic mineral products manufacturing, such as abrasives, mineral wool, flagstones, dimension stones, etc. (20%), and glass and glass product manufacturing (19%).

Changes in GDP, employment and sales*
The data table for this graph is located below

* Data are expressed as indices where the year 2007 = 100

Sources: Statistics Canada, GDP – CANSIM 379-0030, Employment – LFS, Sales – CANSIM 304-0015

Show data table
Changes in GDP, employment and sales*
Year GDP Employment Manufacturing sales
2006 99.8 148.2 96.4
2007 100.0 100.0 100.0
2008 94.0 144.8 101.1
2009 87.5 130.1 97.7
2010 87.5 112.0 103.6
2011 93.9 127.5 108.8
2012 94.9 134.4 107.5
2013 85.5 108.6 89.7
2014 87.9 106.0 93.9
2015 85.8 128.4 93.0
2016 85.0 116.3 93.1

Over the past decade, employment fluctuated in Quebec while there was a significant increase in non-metallic mineral products imports. The value of imported cement and concrete products alone has more than doubled during that time.

That being said, the short term outlook points toward a sustained demand for non-metallic mineral products linked to the intense activity in multi-unit building construction, civil engineering and public infrastructure, as well as in major institutional and commercial construction projects. Cement consumption, both in Canada and the United States, should continue to increase in the coming years. However, global competition could compel Quebec businesses to improve their productivity and to limit their production and hiring costs.

We expect stability in the workforce in Quebec: the positive dynamism in some regions will be cancelled out by the negative impacts experienced by some other regions, mainly due to the decline in residential construction.

Sectoral Dynamics for Regions with Outlooks

Anticipated Dynamics in the Regions
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
Region 2018–2020
AAGR
Lanaudière 0.7%
Bas-Saint-Laurent 0.7%
Capitale-Nationale 0.2%
Laurentides 0.2%
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean 0.1%
Estrie 0.1%
Province of Québec 0.1%
Montérégie 0.1%
Chaudière-Appalaches 0.0%
Outaouais 0.0%
Abitibi-Témiscamingue 0.0%
Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec 0.0%
Gaspésie–Les-Îles-de-la-Madeleine 0.0%
Mauricie 0.0%
Monrtéal CMA 0.0%
Centre-du-Québec -0.5%

n/a: not applicable

Source: 2018–2020 Sectoral Outlook annual exercise, Labour Market Analysis Directorate, Service Canada –
Québec Region, April 5, 2018.

The following occupations of the non-metallic product industry's workforce are the most likely to be affected by the expected dynamics (according to the occupation by industry matrix):

  • 7511 Transport truck drivers
  • 9414 Concrete, clay and stone forming operators
  • 9413 Glass forming and finishing machine operators and glass cutters
  • 7452 Material handlers
  • 0911 Manufacturing managers
  • 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
  • 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
  • 7282 Concrete finishers
  • 7611 Construction trades helpers and labourers
  • 9611 Labourers in mineral and metal processing
  • 7237 Welders and related machine operators
  • 6411 Sales and account representatives - wholesale trade (non-technical)
  • 7281 Bricklayers
  • 7521 Heavy equipment operators (except crane)
  • 1521 Shippers and receivers
  • 9535 Plastic products assemblers, finishers and inspectors
  • 7292 Glaziers
  • 9619 Other labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities
  • 9613 Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities
  • 7283 Tilesetters
  • 5244 Artisans and craftspersons
  • 2233 Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians.
  • Scope, Distribution and Trends in this Sector's Industry

    Level and Share of Employment by Region
    Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
      2015–2017 Average 10-year change in employment
    Employment Provincial share Regional share
      in thousands as a % as a % in thousands as a %
    Province of Quebec 13.8 100.0 0.3 -2.0 -12.7
    Resource Regions
    Abitibi-Témiscamingue x x x x x
    Bas-Saint-Laurent x x x x x
    Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec x x x x x
    Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine x x x x x
    Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean x x x x x
    Intermediate Regions
    Centre-du-Québec x x x x x
    Chaudière-Appalaches x x x x x
    Estrie x x x x x
    Mauricie x x x x x
    Greater Montréal area
    Lanaudière x x x x x
    Laurentides x x x x x
    Laval x x x x x
    Montérégie 3.0 22.0 0.4 0.0 1.1
    Montréal x x x x x
    Capitals
    Capitale-Nationale 1.6 11.6 0.4 -1.2 -42.9
    Outaouais x x x x x

    x: confidential data, fewer than 1,500 people employed in this region

    Source: Historical estimates based on Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey

    Some Characteristics of the Industry in Québec

    Establishment distribution by region
    Establishment distribution by region. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Establishment Counts by Economic Region,
    industry, and Employee Size Ranges, December 2015

    Show data table
    Establishment distribution by region
      Distribution
    Resource Regions 19.0%
    Intermediate Region 24.1%
    Greater Montréal Area 46.5%
    Capitals 10.4%

    Size of establishment
    Size of establishment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Establishment Counts by Economic Region,
    industry, and Employee Size Ranges, December 2015

    Show data table
    Size of establishment
      Distribution
    1-9 employees 42.5%
    10-49 employees 44.5%
    50-99 employees 7.1%
    100-199 employees 3.6%
    200-499 employees 2.2%
    500 employees and over 0.0%

    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment
    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM 383-0031 Labour statistics,
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment
      Distribution
    Goods production 6.4%
    Manufacturing 2.1%
    Plastics, rubber products 0.5%

    Employment distribution by region
    Employment distribution by region. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey; based on average
    employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Employment distribution by region
      Distribution
    Resource Regions 13.3%
    Intermediate Region 25.3%
    Greater Montréal Area 48.4%
    Capitals 13.3%

    Employment by industry segment
    Employment by industry segment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours;
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Employment by industry segment
      Distribution
    Cement and concrete 56.1%
    Glass 18.7%
    Other products 17.6%

    Share of total employment and industry in Canada
    Share of total employment and industry in Canada. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours;
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Share of total employment and industry in Canada
      Share in Canada
    Total Ontario 38%
    Québec 22%
    Minéraux non métal. Ontario 40%
    Québec 28%

    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over
    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census, special tabulation for ESDC

    Show data table
    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over
      Distribution
    15-24 years All industry 12.8%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 7.8%
    25-34 years All industry 20.6%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 19.5%
    35-44 years All industry 22.3%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 22.4%
    45-54 years All industry 23.5%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 27.0%
    55-64 years All industry 17.2%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 19.7%
    65 years + All industry 3.6%
    327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 3.7%

    Employment distribution by skill type
    National Occupational Classification Distribution
    0. Management 9%
    1. Business, finance and administration 11%
    2. Natural and applied sciences and related 6%
    3. Health 0%
    4. Education, law and social, community and government services 0%
    5. Art, culture, recreation and sport 2%
    6. Sales and service 7%
    7. Trades, transport and equipment operators 33%
    8. Natural resources, agriculture and related production 1%
    9. Manufacturing and utilities 31%

    Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census, special tabulation for ESDC

    For more information

    • Job Bank (Canada) – Job Market Trends and News: Information on job, skills and local labour market trends is important for making career decisions. In addition, information on wages, labour supply, labour demand and other factors helps employers recruit, train and retain workers and make business and investment decisions.

    • North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012: Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing NAICS 327

    Note

    In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

    Prepared by: Labour Market Analysis Directorate, Service Canada, Quebec
    For further information, please contact the LMI team
Date modified: